Below are the answers to "Am I a Refugee?" worksheet adapted for use during WAC-DC's Annual Youth Forum 2017 - Nowhere to Go: Beyond the Numbers of the Syrian Refugee Crisis
1. Yes and no.
Technically, under the 1950 convention on refugees it could be argued that this child qualifies for refugee status based in the fact that he is fleeing his country because children, a specific social group, is being targeted by cartels for recruitment/coerced violence. However, the US is conducting mass-deportations of influxes of people coming in claiming they are illegal immigrants. This is being argued on the grounds that the people are fleeing crime—not persecution. Additionally, it has been stated that qualifying all people who are fleeing crime as refugees would open the door for any person in Latin America to legally come to the US; therefore, it is too broad and not feasible. He is not considered a refugee, and he is subject to deportation.
There's more to the story @ NPR: Why a Single Question Decides the Fates of Central American Migrants
This family has been specifically targeted by the government because of their political opinion.
There's more to the story @ Open Doors Inc
This young girl was fled her country because of a well-founded fear of persecution because of her religion. She also could not return home because if she had, it is very likely that she would have been killed or put into a concentration camp.
There's more to the story @ The Holocaust Museum: United States Policy toward Jewish Refugees, 1941-1952
Because he and the other people from Aleppo are still within the borders of Syria, they do not qualify as refuges—they must across the borders of their home country. Additionally, because they have not crossed their borders, they are not able to receive any of the assistance refugees do—they are technically still under the protection of their countries government.
There's more to the story @ Brookings: Reconciling the Responsibility to Protect with IDP Protection